BY ROY ALBERT ANDRADE, K1LLER, Inc.
Cairo, Egypt - Desert tracts comprise 96.3 percent of the Arab Republic of Egypt's land boundaries, and are slightly greater than three times the size of New Mexico. This ancient land has more than 6,000 years of history, and raises a number of questions that even the most sophisticated experts in the world are unable to answer. Religion, art, culture, language, and dynasties have shaped the country's civilization.
According to archaeological evidence , in 6,000 B.C, a culture of hunter-gatherers settled at the banks of the Nile river, and immediately began constructing villages. In 4,500 B.C, boats became a form of transportation, and allowed trading between different towns along the Nile river to increase. In 3,500 B.C, hieroglyphics, a writing system using numbers, images, and symbols developed, no different than those found on the Rosetta stone. Around 3,100 B.C, Narmer, became the first Egyptian pharaoh, ruling over upper, and lower Egypt. About 2,500 B.C, the Great Sphinx and the Great Pyramids of Giza were constructed. Near 1,325 B.C, King Tutankhamun was buried in the valley of kings. In 332 B.C, Alexander the Great, conquered Egypt.
In A.D. 640, Muslim soldiers subjugated Egypt, introducing Islam and Arabic language. In 969, Cairo became the capital of Egypt. In 1882, the Anglo-Egyptian War commenced, over the Suez Canal, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea, and resulted in British seizing complete control over Egypt's government. In 1952, Egypt ended British occupation, thus acquiring full sovereignty from Britain. Two years later, Arab nationalist Gamal Abdel Nasser came into power, and penned an agreement with British minister of state for foreign affairs, Anthony Nutting, to have British troops withdrawn from Egypt by June 1956. Nasser died on September 28, 1970, and was succeeded by Vice-President, Anwar al-Sadat. On October 6, 1981, President Sadat was assassinated by Islamist extremists, and succeeded by Vice-President Hosni Mubarak.
On February 11, 2011, President Hosni Mubarak resigns after ruling for three decades, and handed control of the country to the army council. The former head of Egypt's armed forces, Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi, was sworn into office as president on June 8, 2014, and shortly after, the Islamic State (IS), a jihadist group, detonate on the international scene. On October 31, 2015, the IS claimed responsibility for "bringing down" Russia's Metrojet Flight 9268, killing 224 passengers, and again, made headlines. On November 24, 2017, 305 worshipers died, including 27 children from detonated explosives, and gunfire at the Al-Rawdah mosque in Bir al-Abed, in Sinai, Egypt. Quoting testimonies by survivors, IS militants, estimated between 25 - 30, wore masks, black t-shirts, and camos as they carried out their deadly attack.
President Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi of Egypt held a meeting over the weekend with the prime ministers of finance, interior, justice, and defense to setup a tackle security issues in their country. President Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi will set up a memorial for the victims who died at the mosque in Bir al-Abed, in Sinai. "God save Egypt and its people from all evil ministers of defense, interior, justice and finance," stated President Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi.
President Donald Trump reached out to President Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi of Egypt, and offered condolences to Egyptian nationals. "The international community cannot tolerate barbaric terrorist groups and must strengthen its efforts to defeat terrorism and extremism in all its forms."
"Forces continue its efforts in prosecuting terrorist and criminal elements in Central Sinai," explained Brigadier General Tamer Mohamed Mahmoud El Refaie, Spokesman for the Armed Forces.
Shawn W. Anderson